Although judaïsm is openly practiced in the Ex-USSR following years of oppression, the PAMIAT, a dangerous Far-Right movement, today represents the most harmful core of antisemitism in the Soviet Union. However, like other peoples in the Ex USSR, the jewish community has clearly defined status: one is of Jewish nationality as one is Armenian or Ukrainian nationality.
Since May 13, 1934, they have an official territory: the Autonomus Region of Birobidjan. Indeed, 14 years before the creation of the state of Israël, what could have become the first entity of a jewish state in the world did not survive Stalin’s deadly madness. Today, the small community is triiyng to renew its past. The first visit by an Israëli official has provoked new hope of cultural exchanges.